There are oodles of herbs that are easy to transform into healing remedies in the home. The following are a few of my favorites for the medicine garden that are easy to grow and contain valuable medicinal properties. You can use these herbs to make poultices, salves, tinctures, elixirs, vinegars, and more.
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I am not a doctor and the FDA has not evaluated the following claims about the traditional and medicinal benefits of herbs.
The number of herbs that can be grown and used for their medicinal benefits is infinite, so it would be impossible to list them all here. Ask 50 gardeners what their favorite medicinal herbs are, and you’ll get 50 different answers!
The following are my eight favorite herbs for the medicine garden that I enjoy growing for their safe and gentle healing effects.
#1: Comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum)
Comfrey has been used to promote the healing of acne, broken bones, bruises, scrapes, and sore muscles.
Russian comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum) is preferable to true comfrey (Symphytum officinale) for the medicine garden because its seeds are sterile and, therefore, will not seed itself around the garden. It grows in USDA growing zones 3-9.
To plant Russian comfrey, purchase live root cuttings and plant them two feet apart—crown buried—in the ground as early as four weeks before your spring frost date, and until four weeks after your fall frost date. Comfrey is a perennial that will come back year after year. It prefers rich, moist soil in a well-drained spot with full sun or partial shade.
- Buy: Russian comfrey roots
- Learn: What is Comfrey and How to Grow It
- Make: Knitbone Salve with Comfrey
#2: Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
Dandelion has been shown to support healthy liver and kidney function, supports healthy blood pressure, and can encourage the healing of skin ailments like acne.
It sounds odd to plant dandelion in a medicine garden since it is so readily available as a weed. However, this weed often populates areas where heavy foot traffic compacts the soil, and harvesting safely in those areas is questionable. It grows in USDA growing zones 3-10.
Dandelion seeds are actually available for purchase! Sow seeds 1⁄4-inch deep outside, four inches apart, two weeks before your frost date. Dandelion is an annual plant that will self-seed. It prefers well- drained soil with full sun or partial shade. If you produce more than you can use, take heart that dandelion leaves go for a high price to culinary chefs.
- Buy: Dandelion seeds
- Learn: 5 Weeds You Want in Your Garden
- Make: Dandelion Body Butter, found in 101 Easy Homemade Products for Your Skin, Health & Home
#3: Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea)
Echinacea is used as an immune stimulant, and the tea is often gargled for a sore throat. Add beauty and function to your medicine garden!
It grows in USDA growing zones 3-9. Sow seeds in the fall in a well-prepared bed. Or transplant seedlings outside during the week of your spring frost date, two feet apart. Echinacea is a hardy perennial and prefers full sun or partial shade in rich soil.
- Buy: Echinacea seeds (Like all perennials, seeds germinate and grow slowly. Research ‘growing perennial herbs from seed’ before sowing.)
- Learn: When Weeds are Good
- Make: Elderyberry Syrup with Echinacea and Goldenseal by GrowForageCookFerment
#4: Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Fennel can stimulate appetite, support healthy digestion, and be gargled as a tea for a sore throat, which makes it an excellent candidate for the home medicine garden.
It grows in USDA growing zones 3-10. Sow seeds 1⁄4-inch deep outside, 16 inches apart, two weeks before your frost date. Fennel is a perennial plant in zones 5 through 10 and an annual in northern climates. It will also self-seed. Fennel needs rich soil in a sunny location.
TIP: HARVESTING FENNEL SEEDS
Harvest fennel seeds at the end of the summer so the plants don’t set seed everywhere. Cook with the seeds, chew on them after meals to help with digestion, and give them away to your gardener friends for planting! If you have an out-of-control fennel patch, chickens will enjoy the forage.
- Buy: Fennel herb seeds
- Learn: How to Build a Fruit Tree Guild
- Make: Set out a bowl of fennels seeds after a meal. Chewing them as a digestive aid is a tradition from India, where they are served with square crystals of sugar, according to The Penguin Food Guide to India.
Would you like to learn more about growing herbs for improving biodiversity, reducing maintenance, and increasing yield? You’ll find loads of information in my book, The Suburban Micro-Farm.
#5: Garlic (Allium sativum)
Garlic aids immunity, supports healthy blood pressure, and is traditionally used in remedies to eliminate common intestinal parasites. If you already grow garlic in your vegetable garden, then you’re one step closer to taking advantage of garlic’s medicinal properties.
It grows in USDA growing zones 3-9. Garlic is planted in the fall starting six weeks before— and until—the fall frost date. Plant garlic cloves five inches apart and two inches deep, with the pointed end facing up. Mulch the bed well. Harvest in early summer. It prefers rich, moist soil in a well-drained location with full sun or partial shade.
- Buy: My favorite variety for growing garlic—Chesnok Red
- Learn: When to Harvest and How to Store Garlic
- Make: Garlic & Honey Fermented Cloves for cardiovascular and immune health by Nitty Gritty Life
#6: Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)
Lavender has traditionally been used to support mental wellness, encourages germ-free environments, promotes healthy digestion, and corrects muscle tension. Lavender is another herb that is typically grown for its beautiful flowers and lovely scent. Add medicinal properties to your list of reasons for planting it in the medicine garden!
It grows in USDA growing zones 5-9. Transplant seedlings outside, 15 inches apart, four weeks after your frost date. Lavender is a perennial that will come back every year in the same place. It requires well-drained soil in full sun. Allow the soil to dry out in between waterings.
- Buy: Lavender Plant (As with many perennial herbs, it can be tough to grow from seed.)
- Learn: See How Easily You Can Create an Edible Landscape
- Make: Lavender Dandelion Pain Relief Oil, found in 101 Easy Homemade Products for Your Skin, Health & Home
#7: Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)
Lemon balm supports headache relief, helps to encourage stress relief and restful sleep, and supports relief from menstrual cramps. This herb has a place in all of my gardens, not just the medicine garden, since it aids healing soil in addition to its healing benefits to humans.
It grows in USDA growing zones 4-9. Transplant seedlings outside, 18 inches apart, four weeks after your frost date. Lemon balm is a perennial that will come back every year in the same place. It requires rich, well-drained soil with partial shade from the afternoon sun.
- Buy: Lemon balm seeds (Reminder: Growing perennial herbs from seed will take patience.)
- Learn: See How Easily You Can Create an Edible Landscape
- Make: Take an herbal tincture with lemon balm at the first sign of a cold. Make a soothing salve with calendula and lemon balm.
#8: Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
Thyme is used to support healthy lungs and respiratory system, and corrects fungal imbalances. This herb may have the most delightful, dainty flowers, but don’t let those fool you. This powerfully healing herb has earned its medicine garden badge.
It grows in USDA growing zones 5-10. Transplant seedlings outside, 12 inches apart, two weeks after your frost date. Thyme is a perennial that will come back every year in the same place. It needs well-drained soil in a hot and sunny location. Allow the soil to dry out in between waterings.
- Buy: Thyme seeds (Be patient with germination with these perennial herbs!)
- Learn: 6 Reasons to Grow Thyme
- Make: A Sage and Thyme Herbal Elixir for cold and flu symptoms
Herbs are incredibly rewarding to grow, whether you’re growing herbs in a kitchen garden, a medicine garden, or a pollinator garden.
Need more ideas for growing a permaculture garden?
- 5 Easy, Homemade Infusions (that make great gifts)
- How to Make Healing Calendula Oil
- The Secret to Keeping Rosemary Alive Indoors
What healing preparations have you made with herbs from your medicine garden?