The beautiful weather of fall makes it perfect for extending the harvest. This fall planting guide covers 17 popular crops to help you grow more food.
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When Should I Plant Seeds for Fall?The following table indicates when to start seeds relative to your fall frost date.
Example: Start lettuce seeds indoors, 11 weeks before, or sow outside 9 weeks before your fall frost date.
Click here to find your fall frost date. Need help getting started? Get my step-by-step guide to starting seeds indoors.
|Beans||N/A||N/A||12 weeks before|
|Beets||N/A||N/A||9 weeks before|
|Broccoli||18 weeks before||11 weeks before||11 weeks before|
|Carrot||N/A||N/A||11 weeks before|
|Cauliflower||15 weeks before||11 weeks before||N/A|
|Collard greens||15 weeks before||11 weeks before||11 weeks before|
|Kale||16 weeks before||11 weeks before||11 weeks before|
|Kohlrabi||N/A||N/A||8 weeks before|
|Lettuce||11 weeks before||9 weeks before||9 weeks before|
|Peas||N/A||N/A||12 weeks before|
|Potatoes||N/A||N/A||15 weeks before|
|Radish||N/A||N/A||5 weeks before|
|Rutabaga||N/A||N/A||12 weeks before|
|Spinach||N/A||N/A||7 weeks before|
|Swiss chard||13 weeks before||9 weeks before||9 weeks before|
|Turnips||N/A||N/A||8 weeks before|
Note for Hot Climate Gardeners
If you live in a hot, dry climate, or at a high elevation, frost dates might not always be your best guide for fall planting. Instead, wait until temperatures consistently dip below 90 degrees.
Check with your local extension office to get specific details relative to your unique conditions.
Would you like to learn more about seed starting and planting?
You’ll find loads of information just like this in my award-winning book, The Suburban Micro-Farm.
Get your seed starting dates automatically calculated for you!
Staying on course and starting seeds at the right time requires just a bit of planning and organization. Imagine a tool in which you type in your frost date, and it automatically calculates the following for EACH CROP:
- indoor seed starting dates
- transplanting dates
- direct sowing outside dates
- succession planting (how many days between sowing for a continuous harvest)
- spacing in the garden
- days to harvest
- companion planting suggestions
- special soil amendments
The good news: This tool exists, and it is just one of four BONUS DOWNLOADS you receive with your purchase of The Suburban Micro-Farm! Read more about all of the bonuses in my article Four Garden Planning Tools You Need.
Need more inspiration?
- How to Have a Productive Fall Garden (in 5 Easy Steps)
- Protect Cold Weather Crops with a Cold Frame
- When to Start Seeds: Your Guide to Spring Planting
Have you extended your harvest season into fall?