June is finally here and it’s time to hang out in the garden! Flowers are blooming, abundant rains keep everything green and perky, pests are at a minimum, and the harvests are rolling in. In this June Garden Guide, I share ideas for keeping your harvesting, planning, and garden maintenance tasks on track.
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We spent a lot of time weeding, planting, and harvesting spring crops in May. This month, we delight in being outdoors surrounded by beauty and abundance.
Remember, these June garden tasks are based on my gardening in USDA hardiness zone 6a. You may need to make adjustments for your climate.
1. June Harvest
Your most important task in June is to harvest and use what you’ve already grown!
If you’ve got tomatoes and peppers to get in the ground but your herbs are bursting with freshness, pick the herbs. There’s no need to panic—you can plant your tomatoes and other warm-season vegetables through mid-June!
Harvesting Cool Weather Crops in June
- Beets (Don’t forget to harvest and use the greens!)
- Turnips (Greens are super tasty, too.)
- Garlic (Learn when to harvest and how to store garlic).
- Onions (Cure for 2 weeks before storing.)
- Potatoes (Also cure for 2 weeks before storing.)
- Swiss chard
Would you like to grow more food with less effort? Check out my mini guide, The Permaculture Inspired Vegetable Garden.
Harvesting Herbs in June
- Calendula (Harvest some blooms and use to make a healing oil.)
- Sunflower sprouts
- Sweet alyssum
Harvesting Perennial Crops in June
- Black raspberries
Sidebar: The strawberries are rolling in! Did you know you can make jam from frozen fruit? I get the fruit in the freezer and save jam making for the fall when it starts getting dark outside super early. Making jam is an anti-seasonal affective disorder activity!
2. June Garden Planning
June is one of the busiest months for gardeners. In addition to harvesting, I’m also starting fall seeds inside, sowing seeds outside, and planting seedlings. Don’t forget I’m gardening in USDA hardiness zone 6a—you may need to make adjustments for your climate.
Starting Seeds Under Grow Lights in June
We’ve just started harvesting summer crops but it’s already time to start fall crops! Check out my guide to starting seeds indoors. If you need to purchase seed starting materials, check out my Amazon shop.
- Fall broccoli, cauliflower, collards, kale
- Lettuce (Parris Island romaine from Botanical Interests is one of my favorites.)
Sowing Seeds Outside in June
There are plenty of herbs and veggies you can direct sow in June. Gardening doesn’t get much easier than this!
- Legumes: (Tip: give them the perfect trellis!)
- Beet family crops:
- Cabbage family crops:
- Brussels sprouts
- Kohlrabi (Purple kohlrabi looks great in an edible landscape!)
- Carrots (Here are my tips for growing carrots year-round.)
- Cucurbit family crops:
- Cucumber (Learn how to grow the best cucumbers.)
- Summer & winter squash
June is the perfect month to plant a variety of vegetables outdoors, whether you’re transplanting homegrown seedlings or seedlings you purchased from your local garden store or farmer’s market.
- Cabbage family:
- Brussels Sprouts
- Cabbage (I like this heirloom variety from Botanical Interests for making sauerkraut.)
- Nightshade family:
- Allium family:
- Leeks (Plant in an area reserved for a fall cold frame.)
- Sweet potato slips
3. June Garden Maintenance
While harvesting takes priority in June, here are some of the maintenance tasks I also like to focus on.
Mulching & Weeding
- Mulching can save time in the long run by reducing time spent weeding, watering, fertilizing, and controlling pests. Learn how to mulch properly and more about the various types of mulch.
- Weeding may feel like a thankless task but it is also an important part of garden maintenance. If you keep up with pulling out weeds, it’s not too bad! Before you start weeding, though, check out how to harness the power of 5 common weeds.
- If you’re growing black raspberries, this is a great time to train and prune them.
- Be sure to prune suckers from indeterminate tomatoes.
What’s going on in your garden? I hope you’ll take a break and enjoy it!